Iranian Journal of Microbiology 2016. 8(5):312-315.

Occurrence of Chlamydophila felis, feline herpesvirus 1 and calcivirus in domestic cats of Iran
Nadi Maazi, Shahram Jamshidi, Payman Kayhani, Hassan Momtaz

Abstract


Background and Objectives: Feline herpesvirus-1, feline calicivirus and Chlamydophila felis are the main causes of feline upper respiratory tract disease. This study was conducted to identify of FeHV-1, FCV and C. felis infections in domestic cat population and also to estimate the prevalence of each specific infection in Iran.

Materials and Methods: The ocular conjunctiva and oropharyngeal specimens obtained from 80 cats were examined using PCR and reverse transcription PCR.

Results: FeHV-1 was detected in 23 (28.8%), FCV in 2 (2.5%) and C. felis in 16 (20%) cats. Twelve cats(15%) had co-infection with 2 or 3 of the mentioned pathogens. Ocular lesions were the most common clinical signs in the FeHV-1 and C. felis infections whereas respiratory lesions were more observed with the FCV infections. It seems that there is an age-related tendency in the infected cats, meaning that the age of the C. felis positive cats was less than those with FeHV-1 and FCV infections.

Conclusion: These results confirm the presence and show the prevalence of three major pathogens associated with upper respiratory tract disease for the first time in Iran.

Keywords: Chlamydophila felis, FeHV-1, FCV, URSD, Ocular lesions


Keywords


Chlamydophila felis; FeHV-1; 1 FCV; URSD; Ocular lesions

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