Reconstruction of H3N2 influenza virus based virosome in-vitro


Background and Objectives: Virosomes are Virus Like Particles (VLP) assembled in-vitro. Influenza virosomes maintain the cell binding and membrane fusion activity of the wild type virus but are devoid of viral genetic material or internal proteins. Influenza virosomes mimic the natural antigen presentation route of the influenza virus.
Materials and Methods: Virosomes were prepared by membrane solubilization and reconstitution. Briefly, the Madine- Darby Canine kidney (MDCK) cell line was cultivated on microcarrier beads inoculated with influenza virus strain A/X-47 (H3N2). The culture medium was harvested and clarified. Subsequently, virus was concentrated and purified by ultrafiltration and ultracentrifugation. The purified viral membrane was dissolved by adding 375 μl of 200 mM 1, 2-dicaproyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine  (DCPC)  in  HEPES-buffered  saline  (HBS).  Nucleocapsid  was  removed  by  ultracentrifugation. The supernatant consisting of phospholipids and glycoproteins of the influenza virus was reconstituted by removal of DCPC using overnight dialysis against Hank’s Buffered Saline (HBS) solution at 4°C. After dialysis, crude virosome preparation was layered over a discontinuous sucrose gradient in order to separate non-incorporated material from the reconstituted virus membranes.
Results:  The  virosome  harvested  from  the  boundary  of  the  two  sucrose  layers  successfully  was  identified by  the Hemagglutination assay and western blotting.
Conclusion: Use of a dialyzable short-chain phospholipid (DCPC) is an efficient procedure for solubilization and reconstitu- tion of influenza virus virosomes and has not caused structural changes in a major envelope glycoprotein (hemagglutinin protein) on the surface of virosome.

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Influenza virus Reconstruction Virosomes

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Abdoli A, Soleimanjahi H, Kheiri M-T, Jamali A, Sohani H, Abdoli M, Rahmatollahi HR. Reconstruction of H3N2 influenza virus based virosome in-vitro. Iran J Microbiol. 1;5(2):166-171.