Original Article

Evaluation of anti-biofilm activity of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Nisin on the expression of aap, ica-A and ica-D as biofilm-associated genes of Staphylococcus epidermidis


Background and Objectives: In the present study, the anti-biofilm activity of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Nisin was investigated on biofilm-forming abilities of Staphylococcus epidermidis strains and the expression of the biofilm-associated genes.
Materials and Methods: In this study, the standard strain of L. rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103) and Nisin were used to assess their anti-microbial and anti-biofilm effects on S. epidermidis (RP62A).
Results: The MIC and MBC analysis showed that Nisin at 256 μg/mL and 512 μg/mL, and L. rhamnosus GG at 1×107 CFU/mL and 1×108 CFU/mL have anti-microbial activity compared to the negative control respectively. L. rhamnosus GG bacteria and Nisin inhibited the biofilm formation of S. epidermidis based on optical density of at 570 nm (P <0.001). The relative mRNA expression of aap, icaA, and icaD genes was significantly reduced compared to the negative control after treating S. epidermidis with sub-MIC of Nisin (0.44, 0.25 and 0.6 fold, respectively) (P>0.05). In addition, the relative expression of aap and icaA genes, but not icaD (P>0.05), was significantly lower than the negative control (0.62 and 0.7 fold, respectively) (P>0.05), after exposure to the sub MIC of L. rhamnosus GG.
Conclusion: Nisin and L. rhamnosus GG exhibit potent activity against biofilm-forming abilities of S. epidermidis and these agents could be utilized as an anti-biofilm agents against S. epidermidis infections.

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IssueVol 15 No 4 (2023) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijm.v15i4.13509
Staphylococcus epidermidis; Probiotic; Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG; Nisin; Biofilm

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How to Cite
Dalvand M, Mirhosseini SA, Amini K, Khani S, Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini H, Mansoori K. Evaluation of anti-biofilm activity of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Nisin on the expression of aap, ica-A and ica-D as biofilm-associated genes of Staphylococcus epidermidis. Iran J Microbiol. 2023;15(4):550-556.