Original Article

Potential of Lactobacillus acidophilus to modulate cytokine production by peripheral blood monocytes in patients with endometriosis


Background and Objectives: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Peripheral blood monocytes cells (PBMCs) may have altered function to some extent in women with endometriosis. Lactobacillus acidophilus is a probiotic bacterium within the human body with the ability of alleviating many inflammatory diseases. Here, we examined the effect of L. acidophilus on PBMCs of endometriosis patients.
Materials and Methods: In this study, peripheral blood samples were obtained from endometriosis patients (n=11) and non-endometriosis individuals (n=11). After isolation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with Ficoll, cells were cultured in the presence and absence of phytohemagglutinin. Also, these cells were co-cultured with 1×106 CFU/ml of L. acidophilus. IL-6 and IL-1 cytokines were measured by ELISA method and the two groups were evaluated and compared.
Results: The results showed that in endometriosis patients, the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1 and IL-6, by PBMC was increased compared to non-endometriosis subjects, and stimuli such as PHA intensified this elevation. Also, L. acidophilus increased the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1 and IL-6. However, the production of these cytokines decreased due to the modulatory properties of bacterial cells after 48 h.
Conclusion: According to the results of the current study, IL-1 and IL-6 production was significantly increased in PMBCs of endometriosis patients compared to that of the healthy controls. Also, Lactobacillus acidophilus was considered as an antigenic compound and in­duced IL-1 and IL-6 production. According to these results, probiotics can be further used for the treatment of endometriosis patients and more investigations are needed to con­firm these results.

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IssueVol 14 No 5 (2022) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijm.v14i5.10965
Probiotic; Endometriosis; Lactibacillus acidophilus; Inflammatory cytokines

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How to Cite
Sari F, Mirkalantari S, Nikoo S, Sepahvand F, Allahqoli L, Asadi A, Talebi M. Potential of Lactobacillus acidophilus to modulate cytokine production by peripheral blood monocytes in patients with endometriosis. Iran J Microbiol. 2022;14(5):698-704.