Review Article

COVID-19 and RAAS inhibitors: is there a final conclusion?

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the first pandemic caused by a human infecting coronavirus, has drawn global attention from the first time it appeared in Wuhan city of China in late December 2019. Detection of the responsible viral pathogen, named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by WHO, and its possible pathogenesis lead to the forming of many hypotheses about the factors that may affect the patients’ outcome.
One of the SARS-CoV-2 infection concerns was the potential role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) in COVID-19 patients’ morbidity and mortality. Studies demonstrated that because SARS-CoV-2 uses human ACE2 cell receptors as an entry receptor to invade the cells, there might be an association between antihypertensive drugs such as RAAS inhibitors (specifically ACEIs and ARBs) and the COVID-19 disease. Data are scarce and conflicting regarding ACEI or ARB consumption and how it influences disease outcomes, and a single conclusion has not been reached yet.
According to the literature review in our article, the most evidentially supported theory about the use of RAAS inhibitors in COVID-19 is that these medications, including ACEI/ARB, are not associated with the increased risk of infection, disease severity, and patient prognosis. However, further studies are needed to support the hypothesis.

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IssueVol 13 No 6 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijm.v13i6.8071
Keywords
COVID-19; Hypertension; Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors

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1.
Talebi-Taher M, Najafi MH, Behzad S. COVID-19 and RAAS inhibitors: is there a final conclusion?. Iran J Microbiol. 2021;13(6):728-736.