Original Article

Optimization of antimicrobial efficiency of silver nanoparticles against three oral microorganisms in irreversible hydrocolloid impressions


Background and Objectives: Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are potent antimicrobial agents, which have recently been used in dentistry. The aim of the current study was to optimize antimicrobial activity of Ag-NPs used in preparing irreversible hydrocolloid impressions against three microorganisms of Escherichia coli, Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans.
Materials and Methods: After assessing antimicrobial activity of the compound using disk diffusion method, three parameters of concentration of Ag-NPs (250-1000 ppm), ratio of hydrocolloid impression material powder to water (0.30-0.50) and time of mixing (20.0-60.0 s), affecting antimicrobial activity of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials against the three microorganisms, were optimized. This combined process was successfully modeled and optimized using Box-Behnken design with response surface methodology (RSM). Decreases in colony number of E. coli, S. mutans and C. albicans were proposed as responses.
Results: Qualitative antimicrobial assessments respectively showed average zone of inhibition (ZOI) of 3.7 mm for E. coli, 3.5 mm for S. mutans and 4 mm for C. albicans. For all responses, when the mixing duration and powder-to-water ratio increased, the circumstances (mixing duration of 59.38 s, powder-to-water ratio of 0.4 and Ag-NP concentration of 992 response) increased. Results showed that in optimum ppm, the proportion of decreases in colony numbers was maximum (89.03% for E. coli, 87.08% for S. mutans and 74.54% for C. albicans). Regression analysis illustrated a good fit of the experimental data to the predicted model as high correlation coefficients validated that the predicted model was well fitted with data. Values of R2Adj with R2Pred were associated to the accuracy of this model in all responses.
Conclusion: Disinfection efficiency dramatically increased with increasing of Ag-NP concentration, powder-to-water ratio and mixing time.

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IssueVol 13 No 6 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijm.v13i6.8091
Dental impression materials; Nanotechnology; Microorganism

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How to Cite
Jafari A, Mazaheri Nezhad Fard R, Shahabi S, Abbasi F, Javdani Shahedin G, Bakhtiari R. Optimization of antimicrobial efficiency of silver nanoparticles against three oral microorganisms in irreversible hydrocolloid impressions. Iran J Microbiol. 2021;13(6):862-870.