Unraveling the importance of molecules of natural origin in antifungal drug development through targeting ergosterol biosynthesis pathway

  • Fatemehsadat Jamzivar Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi Department of Mycology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • Mansoor Khoramizadeh School of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Niloufar Yousefi Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammadhassan Gholami-Shabani Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh Mail Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Ergosterol biosynthesis; Antifungal drug discovery; Natural compounds; Fungal infections

Abstract

Over the past decades, the incidence of life-threatening fungal infections has increased dramatically in particular among patients with hampered immune function. Fungal infections cause around 1.5 million deaths annually, superior to malaria and tuberculosis. With respect to high toxicity, narrow spectrum of activity and drug resistance to current antifungals, there is an urgent need to discover novel leads from molecules of natural origin especially those derived from plants and microorganisms for antifungal drug discovery. Among antifungal drugs introduced into the clinic, those affecting ergosterol biosynthesis are still superior to other classes and the vital role of ergosterol in fungal growth and development. This review highlights current knowledge about available antifungal agents and further issues on antifungal drug discovery from compounds of natural origin which affect ergosterol biosynthesis. Special attention is made to the fungal sterol C24-methyltransferase (SMT), a crucial enzyme in ergosterol biosynthesis pathway as a novel target for rational drug design.

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Published
2020-01-11
How to Cite
1.
Jamzivar F, Shams-Ghahfarokhi M, Khoramizadeh M, Yousefi N, Gholami-Shabani M, Razzaghi-Abyaneh M. Unraveling the importance of molecules of natural origin in antifungal drug development through targeting ergosterol biosynthesis pathway. Iran J Microbiol. 11(6):448-459.
Section
Review Article(s)