Group B Streptococci and Trichomonas vaginalis infections in pregnant women and those with spontaneous abortion at Sanandaj, Iran

  • Amjad Ahmadi Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, KurdistanUniversity of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran; Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Fariba Farhadifar Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, KurdistanUniversity of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Masoome Rezaii Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Farnaz Zandvakili Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Fariba Seyedoshohadaei Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Mozhdeh Zarei Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Sholeh Shahgheibi Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Rashid Ramazanzadeh Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran; Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • Daem Roshani Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan
Keywords: Group B Streptococci, Spontaneous abortion, Trichomonas vaginalis, PCR

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Group B Streptococcali (GBS) is an important factor in newborn deaths in developed and developing countries. Trichomoniasis is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world, which is caused by protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis). The present study compares the frequency of GBS and T. vaginalis genital infections in pregnant women, women with spontaneous abortion, as well as its role in spontaneous abortion. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, 109 women were included with spontaneous abortion with gestational ages between 11-20 weeks and 109 pregnant women with gestational ages between 35-37 weeks in Sanandaj, Iran. DNA was extracted by endocervical swabs and subjected to PCR assays. The independent t-test was used; and for comparing other qualitative variables in each group, the Chi-Square Test was used. Results: The age of the women ranged from 19-43 years (29.6 ± 5.9) and in the control group the age range was from 19-42 years (27.8 ± 4.87). The rate of prevalence of Group B Streptococcal infection in the control group was 3.6%; and in the patient group there were 7.2% with the rate of prevalence of T. vaginalis in both groups as zero. Conclusion: The present study showed that there is no relationship between GBS infections (P-value = 0.235) and T. vaginalis.

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Published
2018-07-15
How to Cite
1.
Ahmadi A, Farhadifar F, Rezaii M, Zandvakili F, Seyedoshohadaei F, Zarei M, Shahgheibi S, Ramazanzadeh R, Roshani D. Group B Streptococci and Trichomonas vaginalis infections in pregnant women and those with spontaneous abortion at Sanandaj, Iran. IJM. 10(3):166-70.
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Original Article(s)