Iranian Journal of Microbiology 2016. 8(1):1-7.

A bioassay-guided fractionation scheme for characterization of new anti- bacterial compounds from Prosopis cineraria aerial parts
Mahdieh Neghabi-Hajiagha, Atousa Aliahmadi, Mohammad Reza Taheri, Alireza Ghassempour, Gholamreza Irajian, Hassan Rezadoost, MohammadMehdi Feizabadi

Abstract


Background and Objectives: Due to the importance of finding of new antibacterial agents, the antibacterial properties of Prosopis cineraria aerial parts were investigated using a bioassay guided fractionation scheme.
Materials and Methods: The organic extract was prepared via maceration in methanol, followed by the fractionation using n-hexane and ethyl acetate. The MICs of fractions were determined against some human pathogenic bacteria using broth micro-dilution assay. The primary characterization and identification of bioactive substance(s) was based on a bio-autograph- ical method using HPTLC and flash chromatography in parallel with agar overlay assays. Finally the exact mass of effective compound(s) was determined by LC-MS.
Results: The best antibacterial activities were related to the ethyl acetate fraction. The effective antibacterial compound of the plant were 2 substances with molecular weight of 348 and 184 Dalton that inhibited the growth of assessed Gram positive bacteria with MIC values lower than 125 to 62.5 µg/ml synergistically.
Conclusion:  Further analysis using nuclear magnetic resonance could reveal the exact structure of these two antibacterial substances. These 2 effective antibacterial compounds could be applied as lead compound for synthesis of new antibacterial agents.


Keywords


Staphylococcus aureus; Prosopis cineraria; Antibiotic resistant; characterization; bioassay

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