Iranian Journal of Microbiology 2016. 8(5):282-287.

Comparison of two methods fordetection of E. coli O157H7 in unpasteurized milk
Maryam Farahmandfar, Naghmeh Moori-Bakhtiari, Saad Gooraninezhad, Mehdi Zarei


Background and Objectives: The most common serotype of enterohaemorrhagic Esherichia coli group or Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli is O157:H7. Domestic and wild ruminants are regarded as the main natural reservoirs. O157:H7 serotype is the major cause of gastrointestinal infections in developed countries. In this study was conducted to survey on the toxigenic E. coli O157: H7 strains in milk of industrial dairy farms.

Materials and Methods: A total number of 150 milk samples were collected from dairy industry in Khuzestan, over a period of 6 months and were evaluated by cultivation in selective media (CT-SMAC) and multiplex PCR.

Results: Two isolates were identified as E. coli using biochemical tests, none of them were toxigenic E. coli O157:H7 as determined by multiplex PCR. Using direct PCR on milk samples, 45 samples contained at least one gene of the studied genes in this investigation (rfb, flic, stx1, stx2). With direct PCR, 2 milk samples were positive for toxigenic O157:H7.

Conclusion: E. coli O157:H7 is present in this region and so the necessity for strict compliance of health standards is recommended. This is the first study on O157: H7 E. coli milk contamination in Khuzestan province. Based on these results, direct PCR is more accurate than indirect PCR.

Keywords: Milk, Escherichia coli O157:H7, PCR


Milk; Escherichia coli O157:H7; PCR

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