Iranian Journal of Microbiology 2017. 9(3):122-142.

Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in Iran
Najmeh Parhizgari, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Ehsan Mostafavi

Abstract


Despite development of preventive and controlling strategies regarding infectious diseases, they are still considered as one of the most significant leading causes of morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Changes in humans’ demographics and behaviors, microbial and ecological alterations, agricultural development, international travels and susceptibility to infectious diseases have resulted in increased reports of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) and reemerging infectious diseases (RIDs) in various geographical areas.
Because of the various types of geographic properties in Iran, substantial climatic variability, as well as unstable political situations and poor public health conditions in some of neighboring countries, EIDs and RIDs are serious public health problems; among them, zoonotic and drug resistant diseases are the most significant.
Hence, this review provides an overview of the significant bacterial, viral and fungal EIDs and RIDs in Iran regarding their epidemiological aspects.


Keywords


Epidemiology, Public health, Infectious diseases, Plague, Tuberculosis, Dengue

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References


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